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Vol. 5, no. 2, 2020

OMSK SCIENTIFIC BULLETIN. SERIES SOCIETY. HISTORY. MODERNITY


CONTENTS


HISTORY

I. Vladimirsky, M. V. Krotova
On the issue of studying Siberian merchant class: the circle of social contacts
of gold producer Yakov Frizer
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-9-15
The research is dedicated to Siberian merchant Yakov Frizer, a range of his communication and social contacts. Present research
targets to illustrate through Frizer example particularities of everyday life and activity of the Siberian merchants on the threshold
of the 19th20th centuries, interrelations between various ethnicconfessional and social groups, between regional entrepreneurs
and capital administrators as well as great potentialities of self-implementation for Jewish merchant within the Russian Empire.
The article is based on the personal archive of Yakov Frizer, his books and articles, materials of the Siberian press and archival
documents fr om the Russian Historical Archive (RGIA) and the State Archive of the Russian Federation (GARF). The authors have
concluded particular features of Siberian society as a multi-layer society with intersections of various social, ethical and confessional
worlds, national and religious tolerance and active social position.

Keywords: Ya. D. Frizer, Siberia, merchants, Jews, gold industry, social contacts, Russian Empire.

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A. A. Fomenkov
Corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences V. S. Troitskiy and his role
in shaping the civic position of scientific community in Gorky region.19851991
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-16-21
The article is devoted to the activities of corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences V. S. Troitskiy stayed against
the launch of the Gorky nuclear power plant for heat supply. V. S. Troitskiys arguments against starting this object are indicated.
The reasons for the significance of his actions against GAST for the development of informal politicized organizations in Gorky
are revealed. The influence of V. S. Troitskiy on the position of the scientific community on significant socio-political issues is indicated.

Keywords: civil society, perestroika, informals, Gorky, ecology, political struggle, scientific community, influence, V. S. Troitsky.

 
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E. A. Koshechkina
Ulus Jochi in system of international trade on territory of Crimean Peninsula in XIIIXIV centuries
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-22-28
The article is devoted to the analysis of the foreign economic policy of the ulus of Jochi in the XIII-XIV centuries. The role
of the Ulus in the system of international trade on the territory of the Crimean Peninsula is considered. The analysis of foreign
economic policy directions and their role in the economy Of ulus Juchi in the declared period is carried out. The importance
of international trade in the economy of the Golden Horde is highlighted. The process of relations between the Crimean authorities
and the Italian colonies on the territory of the Peninsula is also considered. The article covers the issues of the appearance
of Italian colonies in the Crimea, the reasons and consequences of the formation of Italian colonies for international trade.

Keywords: Jochi Ulus, the Crimean Ulus, international trade, the Italian colony.


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R. V. Rybakov
For any work at the congress, it is important to have a united mass, in other words, as we usually
call all kinds of groups the opposition: from the history of the Komsomol opposition
in the Omsk province 19211922
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-29-34
The development of youth movement in the 1920s is considered. It was not without contradictions, which was due to the influence
of the unfolding party struggle, as well as the presence of completely opposite views on the role and functions of the Komsomol
in the Soviet state. This publication is devoted to the consideration of a separate episode in the development of the youth movement
in the territory of the Omsk province related to the attempt of a group of active workers to remove the current leaders of the provincial
committee of the communist union. The paper analyzes reasons that prompted Komsomol members to express distrust
of the governing apparatus. A letter is sent to the scientific community, sent to the activists of the Kalachinsky Ucom with a proposal
to join the organized opposition.

Keywords: Komsomol, Omsk, youth of Siberia, letters of youth, Komsomol opposition, youth non-conformism.


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E. E. Shumilova
Employment of population of large cities of Western Siberia in 19141917
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-35-41
The paper analyzes changes in the structure of labor employment of the population of Siberian cities during the World War I
and the impact of these changes on the level of income of citizens on the basis of unpublished sources, periodicals and statistics.
From the point of view of the theory of historical everyday life, it is argued that the urban environment of Western Siberian cities
faced a number of new challenges with the beginning of the World War I, which significantly worsened the social well-being
and economic activity in Siberian cities. The transition of the countrys economy to supplying the front with arms and products
inevitably affected the traditional commercial activities of the merchants, the supply of food to the rear cities, and various types
of traditional labor activities in cities that in peacetime depended on the demands of the market and citizens. The author
substantiates the conclusion that the growing crisis in the economic sectors has steadily influenced changes in the structure
of employment, and also caused a decrease in the level of income of citizens in July 1914February 1917.

Keywords: employment, income of citizens, World War I, Barnaul, Omsk, Tomsk, Novonikolaevsk.


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M. V. Zhuravleva
Readers preferences of Irkutsk residents in late of XIXearly XX centuries
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-42-47
The article deals with the problem of the reader and reading among the urban population, which is little studied in Russian history.
Based on the analysis of the materials of the state archive of the Irkutsk region, the author characterizes the readership
and the readers interests of certain social and professional groups of the Irkutsk population in the late XIXearly XX centuries.
A distinctive feature of the Irkutsk readership is shown: the social composition of active readers of the city is revealed, the circle
of the most popular domestic and foreign authors is designated, the most popular all-Russian, regional and local periodicals
are marked. The obtained data can help to characterize the mechanism of influence of reading on the formation of socio-political
views, moral education and artistic tastes of Irkutsk residents.

Keywords: Irkutsk, libraries, readers, readers interests, periodical press.


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E. P. Ivanov
Interethnic relations in the Steppe region in 19thearly 20th centuries on pages of periodicals
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-48-54
The article is devoted to the establishment and development of inter-ethnic relations between the inhabitants of the Russian Empire
and the indigenous people of the Steppe Territory. The article deals with the dynamics of the transformation of the image
of a region reflected in the Russian periodical press of the XIXearly XX centuries. It is shown that the reflection in the press
of the character of Russian- Kyrgyz inter-ethnic relations was the most important factor in the formation of the image
of the Steppe Territory in the eyes of Russian inhabitants.

Keywords: Interethnic relations, Steppe Territory, Kirgiz-Kaisaki, Northeast Kazakhstan, kirghiz, periodicals.


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M. A. Knyazev
Palace commandant V. N. Voeikov and the Duma-military opposition: confrontation
during the First World War
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-55-65
The article discusses the struggle of opposition Duma and military leaders against the palace commandant V. N. Voeikov during
the First World War. The hyperbolized view of the role and influence of the general at court, his inclusion in the list
of irresponsible influences became the reason for the declaration of war to the palace commandant by public and military forces.
On the basis of the study of archival materials, sources of personal origin, materials of paperwork, the article identifies the goals,
mechanisms and results of the struggle against Voeikov as an active member of the court camarilla. The author comes
to the conclusion about the evolution of forms and methods of combating the tsarist encirclement in 19141917: from attempts
to peacefully remove or move to another position to apply radical measures (public and newspaper bullying,
baseless charges, arrest).

Keywords: V. N. Voeikov, Nicholas II, the Duma-military opposition, World War I, State Duma, A. I. Guchkov.


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V. V. Germizeeva
Governors-General of the Steppe Region (18821917)
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-66-72
Based on the prosopographic method, the article describes a collective portrait of people holding a governor-general position
in the Steppe Territory in 1882 1917. Attention is drawn to the educational level, age at the position, personal qualities and activities
of officials. The contribution of each of the governors-general to the development of the Steppe Territory is shown. It is disclosed how,
under their direct control and guidance, measures were taken for resettlement policy, the development of public education,
healthcar and trade.

Keywords: Russian Empire, Steppe Territory, Steppe Governor General, Governor General, Local Government, G. A. Kolpakovsky,
M. A. Taube, N. N. Sukhotin, I. P. Nadarov, E. O. Schmit, N. A. Sukhomlinov.


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T the 75th Anniversary of the Great Victory
 

A. V. Sushko
Intended to prepare a march replenishment for active Red Army: to the history
and perpetuation of memory of 39th Omsk reserve rifle brigade (division)
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-73-81
The article is devoted to the reconstruction of the history of the 39th Omsk reserve rifle brigade (division). Attention is focused
to the contribution of the Omsk military unit to the Great Victory. The article proved that during the years of World War II, the brigade
sent to the front the largest number of fighters in comparison with other units formed in the Omsk region and sent to the front
in full force. Thanks to the courage and heroism of the soldiers and officers trained in Omsk, the notable contribution of the soldiers
who arrived to the front from Siberia in the victory over fascism, the countrys leadership was given the honorary name Omsk.
Based on the above information on the history of the 39th Omsk reserve rifle brigade, the author comes to the conclusion that
it is necessary to perpetuate her memory in Omsk, and in particular at Omsk memorials.

Keywords: Great Patriotic War, Omsk, 39th Omsk reserve rifle brigade (division), preparation of reserves, marching companies,
places of memory.

 
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E. V. Leshukova
Filtration cases of Ugra soldiers participating in the World War II as historical source
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-82-86
During the 75 years that separate us from the Victory Day on May 9, 1945, a huge array of documentary evidence
of the Great Patriotic War is put into scientific circulation. Nevertheless, one of the little-studied sources remains the filtering files
of repatriated citizens. The article discusses the circumstances of the appearance and storage of this type of source. Based
on a selective comparative analysis there are discovered some details of the content of the filtration cases of military personnel,
who went to the front from the territory of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous District of the modern Tyumen Region, informational
possibilities of using filtration files for scientific purposes.

Keywords: The Great Patriotic War, prisoners of war, concentration camps, repatriates, filtration files, Ugra.


8286










 

A. V. Rychkov
The cavalry rushes, and in battle campaigns the tank rushes along with the war horse:
cavalry romance in Soviet songs on eve of the Great Patriotic War
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-87-91
The publication analyzes the content component of the phenomenon of Soviet pre-war cavalry songs. Particular attention
is paid to the role of public cultural policy, with the help of art forming a system of values among Soviet people, wh ere the patriotic
idea of defending the homeland was the most important element. The author explains the popularity of the subject both as traditional
for that time about the significant role of cavalry in the Red Army, its high combat qualities and the prospect of using it in combination
with other types of troops, and the governments campaign for the Soviet Cossacks, in which the cavalry song was
the most important propaganda tool. According to the author, the songs about cavalry written by talented poets and composers
were loved by the people and became the most important means of military-patriotic education of Soviet people, making
a significant contribution to the Great Victory.

Keywords: cavalry, Cossacks, Red Army, Soviet war songs, Great Patriotic War, USSR.


8791













 

History Name       
 

S. V. Novikov
Mikhail Efimovich Budarin scientist and enlightener. From history of culture
in Siberian Territory (1940s 2000s)
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-92-100
Socialist construction carried out in the USSR is a separate topic based on knowledge of the history of the social and economic
development of the country of study. One of the researchers and popularizers of socialist construction was M. E. Budarin.
As a journalist, he conveyed to his contemporaries information about the transformations taking place in the Ob North, as a writer
he created pictures of the life and life of the peoples of Siberia in various periods of their history. Appeal to scientific activity
has become a step in understanding the history of the development of the region studying the activities of authorities
in its development, analysis of the impact of development on the peoples of the region. The teaching work expanded
the possibilities of popularizing the history of the entry of Siberia into Russia and the transformation of the region in the Soviet period.
Over the years of activity, the multifaceted personality of M. E. Budarin was revealed, who embodied in his work
all the difficulties of Soviet history.

Keywords: Ishim, development of the Tyumen north, Ermak, the history of Siberia, journalism, The Russian Civil War in belles-lettres.


92100














 

D. I. Petin
Lieutenant of the Russian Imperial Army Anatoly Petrovich Moser (18891943):
the little man and his fate in mirror of military anthropology
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-101-108
The study is dedicated to the life of a representative of a family of serving noblemen known in pre-revolutionary Omsk. The purpose
of the work is to present the example of this fate as the position of a former career officer in provincial imperial and Soviet society.
The relevance of the work is seen in the fact that the life path of A.P. Moser is a small example of the relatively successful integration
of a former officer in Soviet society. Studying the life of this person fills the knowledge about the being of former people
in the RSFSR USSR. The basis for the preparation of the work was unpublished sources from the funds of the Russian State
Military Historical Archive, the Historical Archive of the Omsk Region, as well as an interview with the authors granddaughter
of the articles hero. The author comes to the conclusion that the anthropological vision of the plots of political and everyday
history allows us to draw general conclusions about the state, society, strategies and forms of social survival on the basis
of particular cases.

Keywords: The First World War, officers, genealogy, military anthropology, cadet corps, Aleksandrovskoe military school,
Omsk, Mozer genius.


101108















 

PHILOSOPHY

A. B. Didikin
Wittgenstein and metamorphoses of legal language
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-109-115
The paper analyzes the evolution of Wittgensteins philosophical ideas and the influence of his views on the analytical legal
philosophy and the legal language theory. Based on the key arguments of the Logical-philosophical Treatise, the author
reconstructs the possibility of displaying legal phenomena in the legal language from the position of logical validity
and the relationship between the syntax and semantics of normative prescriptions. Modern discussions about the possibilities
of implementing Wittgensteins arguments about the rule following problem and the skeptical argument in the field of interpretation         
and clarification of the content of legal norms are considered. The concepts of D. Patterson and A. V. Nekhaev on the social
context of interpretation of judicial practice and the motives of judges in making legal decisions are analyzed. The author
substantiates the position on the deep relationship between every day and professional discourses in the legal language.

Keywords: Wittgenstein, legal language, facts, actions, interpretation, judicial practice, legal doctrine, social context.  

109115












 

N. B. Afanasov
Russian civilizational project facing digital capitalism
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-116-123
The article offers a point of view on the Russian civilizational project from the perspective of comparing the national features
of Russias development and the global expansion of digital capitalism. The author places the Russian civilizational project
in the context of processes that will inevitably have and already have the impact on modern Russian society and economy.
Digital capitalism is as relevant a phenomenon for Russia as it is for any other modern country. The global context
and modernization are inextricably linked. But when we talk about modernization, even in the most general way, we cannot
exclude the national peculiarities of its implementation, which say a lot about the country itself and its culture. In the context
of the Russian civilizational project, the main issue will be to understand why, unlike other modernizing waves, digital capitalism
has so quickly become embedded in the space of Russian economic life and Russian culture. What exactly in our culture
created such a fertile ground for the phenomenon? It is likely that the absence of established capitalist institutions played
a role in the introduction of digital practices. But, as in every culture, there is also something special about Russian culture
that accelerates the integration of society into the reality of digital capitalism.

Keywords: social philosophy, social theory, Russia, capitalism, digital capitalism, Russian civilizational project,
modernization, culture.


116123
















 

E. S. Marchukova
Martin Heidegger on distinctio essentia and existentia in scholasticism
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-124-128
Reflections on the categories of essence (essentia) and existence (existentia), their interrelationships and ability to differentiate
form the core of medieval scholasticism. For the Heidegger philosophy, the complexity of the interrelation between essentia
and existentia is one of the basic, principal posers in his fundamental ontology. The aim of the study is to analyze the way
how Heidegger works with the texts of medieval philosophers (Thomas Aquinas, Ioannes Duns Scotus, Francisco Suarez).
Such an analysis makes it possible to clarify the importance of the scholastic difference between essence and existence
for Heideggers philosophy.

Keywords: scholasticism, Thomas Aquinas, Ioannes Duns Scotus, Francisco Suarez, essentia, existentia, ontological difference,
Martin Heidegger.


124128











 

A. V. Morozov
Neopragmatism and speculative realism
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-129-136
The article deals with neopragmatist themes of contingency, irony and solidarity in the context of the contemporary movement
in continental philosophy, speculative realism. Despite the fact that many representatives of this trend have repeatedly spoken
about Richard Rorty exclusively in a critical spirit, their critical strategies, which aspire to overcome representationalism (Rorty)
and correlationism (speculative realism) in philosophy, intersect in many important respects. Thus, Rorty and Meillassoux
approach the concept of contingency that underlies their projects in a similar vein. There is a parallelism between the contingency
of language and its constituent vocabularies in Rorty, on the one hand, and the contingency of world in Meillassoux, on the other.
From the point of view of both philosophers, there is no all-encompassing entity, either within language (meta-vocabulary)
or within the world (universe of all universes). At the same time, the realistic argument based on the ancestrality problem
(formulated by Meillassoux), which allows us to make judgments about reality as a reality which pre-exists our judgments about
it without relying on some form of correlation/representation, is reproduced in a neopragmatist context by Robert Brandom,
the follower of Rorty. The texts of speculative realists (Quentin Meillassoux, Graham Harman, Ian Bogost, Ray Brassier)
are then analyzed in terms of the concept of irony. At the end of the article the social-philosophical and ethical implications
of the projects of Rorty and Meillassoux are considered. The similarity of the utopias built by Rorty and Meillassoux allows us
to conclude that Meillassouxs project is very close in his spirit to liberal ideology.

Keywords: neopragmatism, speculative realism, Richard Rorty, Quentin Meillassoux, anti-representationalism, contingency,
irony, community, social philosophy, utopia.


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ECONOMY

Yu. S. Zharkova, E. N. Karpova, E. I. Brichka
Organization and functioning of public procurement system in economy of Rostov region
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-137-144
The article examines the issues of the most effective satisfaction of state needs through the mechanism of public procurement.
The theoretical significance of the study is to identify the main advantages of public procurement using the electronic bidding
system, as well as key factors for non-fulfillment of contractual obligations. The analysis of the dynamics of key indicators
of public procurement in the Rostov region in 20142019 revealed the absolute amount of savings and the preferential use
of an open auction in electronic form during procurement. The article substantiates that the main reason for non-fulfillment
of contractual obligations in the public procurement system is the insolvency of suppliers. In the future, it is necessary
to establish tools for competitive selection of procurement participants, which involves the analysis of indicators
of the effectiveness of financial and economic activities of commercial structures.

Keywords: public procurement, unified information system, contract service, contractual obligations,
risk of non-fulfillment of contractual obligations.

137144













 

Yu. G. Kirillov, E. K. Enza
On measures to protect domestic market and export support in conditions
of preferential trade of the EAEU and Vietnam
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-145-151
The development of free trade of the Eurasian Economic Union with third countries does not exclude the creation of a mechanism
to protect the domestic market for sensitive goods and maintaining the necessary balance of trade balances of the parties involved.
The article analyzes the foreign trade cooperation between Russia and Vietnam in the development of the concluded
Free Trade Agreement between the Eurasian Economic Union and its member states, on the one hand, and the Socialist Republic
of Vietnam, on the other hand. The data presented indicate the need for regulatory influence aimed at protecting the domestic market    
of Russia maintaining appropriate proportions between domestic and imported goods. Certain measures for protecting
the domestic market by the Eurasian Economic Commission in the context of preferential trade and national export stimulation
measures are considered. The results can be used in the Eurasian Economic Union when building preferential relations with
a number of states that have concluded or are ready in the near future to conclude such free trade agreements.

Keywords: sensitive goods, preferential trade, trigger protective measures, twoway protective measure.


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I. N. Primyshev
Theoretical-methodological basis of formation social policy of state
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-152-159
In this article, the author considers the theoretical and methodological basis for the formation and development of social policy
in order to clarify its role and place in improving the standard and quality of life of the population. The main objectives
of social policy have been studied and systematized. The main directions of the developed programs for the implementation
of social policy have been identified. Social policy actors have been identified and investigated and structured.
Methodological principles of social policy are summarized. The conclusion notes that social policy is one of the most important
areas of activity of the State to increase the effectiveness of the social system, the main task of which is to ensure
the necessary standard of living of citizens.

Keywords: social policy, principles of social policy, social sphere, theoreticalmethodological basis, goals of social policy.


152159











 

E. V. Bakiko, V. V. Fadeeva, V. S. Serdyuk
Organizational and economic aspect of labor protection specialist
professional competence formation
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-160-168
One of the reasons for socio-economic losses from unfavourable work conditions is the low labor protection specialists professional
competence level. In this study the labor protection specialist professional competence integral concept is defined
by the principal component analysis. An integral competence model labor protection professional is developed. The organizational
and economic aspect of the formation and continuous professional competence improvement is shown. The basic specialized
education impact assessment on socio-economic losses from the level of occupational injuries is made.

Keywords: professional competence, competence model, labor protection specialist, social and labor relations, industrial injuries,
socio-economic losses.


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